Рефераты, курсовые работы, дипломы. Топики по английскому языку



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Cultural imperialism and cultural diplomacy
"Cultural imperialism" and "cultural diplomacy" Introduction Perhaps, "cultural imperialism" and "cultural diplomacy" are sufficiently young, but it concerns only word combinations. Mankind always tries to chose definitions to different phenomena, in particular in sphere of politics, in such way the words "ideology", "myth", "propaganda" have appeared. Cultural imperialism and cultural diplomacy can be considered just as more or less aggressive method of propaganda activity. The process of clearance of relationship between journalism and propaganda is as two instruments of cultural diplomacy and cultural imperialism.
Cultural imperialism and cultural diplomacy
"Cultural imperialism" and "cultural diplomacy" Introduction Perhaps, "cultural imperialism" and "cultural diplomacy" are sufficiently young, but it concerns only word combinations. Mankind always tries to chose definitions to different phenomena, in particular in sphere of politics, in such way the words "ideology", "myth", "propaganda" have appeared. Cultural imperialism and cultural diplomacy can be considered just as more or less aggressive method of propaganda activity. The process of clearance of relationship between journalism and propaganda is as two instruments of cultural diplomacy and cultural imperialism.
Silver age in Russian art
"Silver age" in Russian art New style in Russian art has arisen in 80th of XIX century under the big influence of the French impressionism. Its blossoming is noted by a boundary XIX and ХХ centuries. Within several decades after the decline (already by the end of 10th ХХ centuries the modernist style in Russian art with which the Silver age associates, concedes the predominating role to new directions) Silver age art was perceived as a decadence and lack of taste. But to vary by the end of the second millennium of an estimation began more close. The matter is that exists two types of blossoming of spiritual culture. For the first powerful innovations and great achievements are characteristic. Vivid examples to that is Greek classics V-IV centuries BC and especially European Renaissance.
Буквализм и вольность как основная переводческая оппозиция
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ ГОУ ВПО <<Тверской государственный университет>> Факультет иностранных языков и международной коммуникации Кафедра теории языка и межкультурной коммуникации Специальность <<Перевод и переводоведение>> КУРСОВАЯ РАБОТА <<БУКВАЛИЗМ>> И <<ВОЛЬНОСТЬ>> КАК ОСНОВНАЯ ПЕРЕВОДЧЕСКАЯ ОППОЗИЦИЯ Тверь 2010 ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ ВВЕДЕНИЕ Глава 1. ПЕРЕВОД: ВОЗНИКНОВЕНИЕ, ОСНОВНЫЕ ВИДЫ И ТЕНДЕНЦИИ 1.1  История возникновения понятия <<перевод>> 1.2  Виды перевода
Ложные друзья переводчика
Перевод имеет долгую историю. Своими корнями он восходит к тем далеким временам, когда праязык начал распадаться на отдельные языки и возникла необходимость в людях, знавших несколько языков и способных выступать в роли посредников при общении представителей разных языковых общин. Тем не менее, по ряду причин, в частности в силу его междисциплинарного характера, перевод оформился в самостоятельную науку лишь в начале ХХ столетия. В условиях расширения международных связей и обмена информацией переводоведение стремительно развивалось и в настоящее время пользуется статусом самостоятельной научной дисциплины со своей теоретической базой, концептуальным аппаратом и системой терминов. Известный отечественный переводовед В.Н. Крупнов так говорит о переводе: <<перевод - это такая языковая деятельность, в которой нет места шаблону...>> [Крупнов 1976: 6]
Слова языка Ф.Ф. Фортунатова
"Слова языка" Ф.Ф. Фортунатова Язык состоит из слов, которые, сочетаясь одно с другим образуют словосочетания, которые в свою очередь могут быть законченными (представляющими целое предложение) и незаконченными (представляющими часть другого словосочетания). Отсюда возникает необходимость различать отдельные слова от слов в их сочетаниях и предложениях. Работа состоит из шести частей. Первая часть статьи посвящена отдельным словам языка. Ф.Ф. Фортунатов определяет, что представляет собой
“Das Obdach” nach Anna Seghers
1. Das Schicksaal des Jungen Zuerst ein paar Worte ьber die politische und wirtschaftliche Lage in Frankreich, wo die Handlung eigentlich spielt. Frankreich wurde im Jahre 1940 von den Faschisten besetzt. Sie kamen an die Macht und brachten faschistisches Regime mit. Im okkupierten Land herrschten Terrormabnahmen. Jeder, der das Regime nicht unterstьtzte, wurde verfolgt. Es gab keine Redefreiheiten, Pressefreiheiten, Menschenrechte wurden verletzt. In Paris fehlte es am nцtigsten. Alle Lebensmittel wurden von den Faschisten in die Ostfront geschickt, und in der Stadt gab es vor den Geschдften immer lange Schlangen. Das Essen wurde nach Ebmarken verteilt, und jeder konnte nur das notwendigste bekommen.
“Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt” nach Dieter Noll
 1. Wolzow und Holt: zwei Rivale Als Werner Holt frьh an einem Morgen aufwach, fьhlte er sich gar nicht erfrischt. Sein Kopf schmerzte und ihm schwindelte. Durch das Fenster schien Maisonnenlicht, und der Flub mit seinen grьnen Ufern lockte weit mehr als das graue Schulhaus. Aber Holt mubte sich in die Schule beeilen, weil in ein paar Minuten der Unterricht began. Auf seinem Weg begegnete ihm sein Schulfreund Fritz. Holt freute sich, da es viel leichter war, zusammen eine Ausrede zu finden. Als sie auber Atem ins Klassenzimmer eintraten, hatte der Unterricht schon seit langem angefangen. Der Mathematiklehrer stand an der Tafel und schrieb Zahlen. Niemand in der Klasse arbeitete mit, jeder machte, was er wollte. Der dicke Christian spielte mit irgendwem Karten und Gilbert Wolzow las ein dickes Buch.
“Doktor Robert Hartung” nach Yuri Brezan
1. Martha Hartung Mit 15 Jahren war Martha Hartung Magd bei einem Grьnberger Getreidergrobhдndler. Vor dem Krieg wohnte Martha Hartung, ihr Mann, der Sattlermeister Hartung, und ihre 4 Sцhne auf einem Dorf unweit der Stadt Glogau. Damals wohnte die Familie in guten Verhдltnissen, Nubkuchen waren immer das sonntдgliche Kaffeegebдck bei ihnen. Wдhrend des Krieges fiel ihr Mann und die 3 Sцhne an der Front, einer von ihnen, der 9-jдhrige Dieter, war auf ihrem eigenen Hof von einem "Tiger"-Panzer ьberfahren.
“Egon und das achte Weltwunder” nach Joachim Wohlgemuth
1. Egon Brьmmer beginnt ein neues Leben Egon Brьmmer war ein Teenager. Er stammte aus einer einfachen Familie. Seine Mutter stand an der Etikettiermaschine in einer Brauerei. Er schдmte sich aber nicht, weil seine Mutter nur eine einfache Frau war. Sie war sparsam, hielt die kleine Wohnung immer sauber und ging sommers wie winters arbeiten, ohne zu klagen. Und sie hatte sich um ihn gesorgt. Egon war auf seine Mutter stolz. Der Junge hat 6 Monate Gefдngnis hinter sich. Er beschlob aber ein anstдndiger Mensch zu werden und ein neues Leben zu beginnen. Egon wollte mit seiner Vergangenheit brechen.
“Proper education”
Defining the "educated man or woman" is very difficult to do. However, most would agree that the knowledge of at least one language would surely be an important item on the list. If wе review the history of the study of languages, we find that the study of Latin and Greek was, for many centuries, necessary for any scholar. As late as the middle of the 19th century, an educated person could read in their original form the works of great writers and thinkers, both ecclesiastical and secular. By the later part of the 19th century, individual disciplines such as chemistry, botany, and geology began tо evolve. Specialization in particular fields, including modern languages such as French and German, became necessary, because it was no longer possible for an individual to be well read in many subject areas and stay current on rapid developments in industry, science, and medicine.
“Rain Man” - Movie Review
"Rain Man" was directed by Barry Levinson in 1988. This is an excellent human drama, showing the talents of great actors starring. The main character Dustin Hoffman was rewarded with Best Actor and Best Picture Oscars. He is one of this generation s finest actors. A movie is about autism. Dustin Hoffman plays an autistic savant who lives in Wallbrook. Tom Cruise plays a businessperson who sells expensive cars for a living (Porsche, Lamborghini, etc). Soon Cruise learns about his father s death, and at the reading of the will, he learns that his father has given the great part of the estate to a brother that he never knew about. As a result, they both go on a cross-country journey from Cinncinnati to Los Angeles and the events are funny, touching, and sad all at once. While they are traveling around the country, Charlie learns about Raymond s extraordinary skills.
«A Farewell to Arms»
I chose to read the novel as well as view the 1932 movie staring Gary Cooper to review. As usual, the novel and movie are different in the delivery of the story yet parallel most of the same aspects Hemingway was trying to convey about love and war. The novel was much more in depth than the movie and mostly, the novel focused more on the war than did the movie. The novel begins describing artillery weary troops marching through the rains of late summer. The main character is an American named
«Гамлет». Быть или не быть понятым Гамлету ? Зависимость адекватности интерпретации трагедии от точности перевода
"Быть или не быть" понятым "Гамлету"? (Зависимость адекватности интерпретации трагедии от точности перевода) Цель работы заключалась в нахождении и систематизации неточностей и ошибок в переводах "Гамлета" на первом этапе (переводческая часть работы) и выявлении зависимости правильности интерпретации от адекватности перевода на втором (литературоведческая часть). Параллельно с систематизацией ошибок изучались материалы, связанные с задачами переводчика. Как известно, перед переводчиком
10 myths -- and 10 truths -- about atheism
Сэм Харрис SEVERAL POLLS indicate that the term "atheism" has acquired such an extraordinary stigma in the United States that being an atheist is now a perfect impediment to a career in politics (in a way that being black, Muslim or homosexual is not). According to a recent Newsweek poll, only 37% of Americans would vote for an otherwise qualified atheist for president. Atheists are often imagined to be intolerant, immoral, depressed, blind to the beauty of nature and dogmatically closed to evidence
10 сочинений на английском языке
About Myself.   My name is ... . I m a pupil of the 9th form of the secondary school #****. Our school gives general education. My class used to be a specialized humanitarian class. We have special programs in Russian, Russian Literature and History. I always liked social sciences and I enjoy staying here.    I m fifteen. I m tall, slim, dark-haired young lady. I m the only child in my family and I m very upset of this. I would like to have a sister or a brother.   But I don t feel alone: I have many friends in our school. We spend o lot of time together, we walk, play badminton and computer and just chatter.
10 сочинений по иностранному языку /english/
My last day off Yesterday it was Sunday, that s why my last day off was not long ago and I remember it quite well. I always try to do my best to make my holidays really exciting, because we have only few days in a week for relaxation and rest. Yesterday my friends and I agreed to meet at my place. First we watched a very interesting TV show "What? Where? When?". Then we went took a videocassette and watched an outstanding movie "The Independence Day". This is a story about strangers from the other planets that were trying to conquer the whole Earth and about the struggle against them. The movie is full of visual effects and computer graphics that takes your breath and makes you admire the modern technologies in the cinema. I wish our studios and directors made such movies. "The Independence Day" can be added to the genius pieces of modern art - that is my opinion.
10 сочинений по иностранному языку /english/
My last day off Yesterday it was Sunday, that s why my last day off was not long ago and I remember it quite well. I always try to do my best to make my holidays really exciting, because we have only few days in a week for relaxation and rest. Yesterday my friends and I agreed to meet at my place. First we watched a very interesting TV show "What? Where? When?". Then we went took a videocassette and watched an outstanding movie "The Independence Day". This is a story about strangers from the other planets that were trying to conquer the whole Earth and about the struggle against them. The movie is full of visual effects and computer graphics that takes your breath and makes you admire the modern technologies in the cinema. I wish our studios and directors made such movies. "The Independence Day" can be added to the genius pieces of modern art - that is my opinion.
10 сочинений по иностранному языку /english/
My last day off Yesterday it was Sunday, that s why my last day off was not long ago and I remember it quite well. I always try to do my best to make my holidays really exciting, because we have only few days in a week for relaxation and rest. Yesterday my friends and I agreed to meet at my place. First we watched a very interesting TV show "What? Where? When?". Then we went took a videocassette and watched an outstanding movie "The Independence Day". This is a story about strangers from the other planets that were trying to conquer the whole Earth and about the struggle against them. The movie is full of visual effects and computer graphics that takes your breath and makes you admire the modern technologies in the cinema. I wish our studios and directors made such movies. "The Independence Day" can be added to the genius pieces of modern art - that is my opinion.
10 сочинений по иностранному языку /english/
My last day off Yesterday it was Sunday, that s why my last day off was not long ago and I remember it quite well. I always try to do my best to make my holidays really exciting, because we have only few days in a week for relaxation and rest. Yesterday my friends and I agreed to meet at my place. First we watched a very interesting TV show "What? Where? When?". Then we went took a videocassette and watched an outstanding movie "The Independence Day". This is a story about strangers from the other planets that were trying to conquer the whole Earth and about the struggle against them. The movie is full of visual effects and computer graphics that takes your breath and makes you admire the modern technologies in the cinema. I wish our studios and directors made such movies. "The Independence Day" can be added to the genius pieces of modern art - that is my opinion.